‘Collecting Water is Often a Colossal Waste of Time for Women’ – UNICEF

first_imgUNICEF says the 200 million hours women and girls spend every day; collecting water is a colossal waste of their valuable time. As World Water Week gets underway in Stockholm and experts gather to try to improve the world’s access to water, the UN children’s agency stressed that the opportunity cost of lack of access to water disproportionately falls on women, according to a press release.“Just imagine: 200 million hours is 8.3 million days, or over 22,800 years,” said UNICEF’s global head of water, sanitation and hygiene Sanjay Wijesekera. “It would be as if a woman started with her empty bucket in the Stone Age and didn’t arrive home with water until 2016. Think how much the world has advanced in that time. Think how much women could have achieved in that time.“When water is not on premises and needs to be collected, it’s our women and girls who are mostly paying with their time and lost opportunities,” he added.The UN’s Sustainable Development Goal for water and sanitation, Goal 6, calls for universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water by 2030. The first step is providing everyone with a basic service within a 30-minute round trip, and the long term goal is to ensure everyone has safe water available at home. However, UN estimates are that in sub-Saharan Africa, for example, for 29 per cent of the population (37 per cent in rural areas and 14 per cent in urban areas), improved drinking water sources are 30 minutes or more away.In sub-Saharan Africa, one round-trip to collect water is 33 minutes on average in rural areas and 25 minutes in urban areas. In Asia, the numbers are 21 minutes and 19 minutes respectively. However for particular countries the figures may be higher. A single trip takes longer than an hour in Mauritania, Somalia, Tunisia and Yemen. When water is not piped to the home the burden of fetching it falls disproportionately on women and children, especially girls. A study of 24 sub-Saharan countries revealed that when the collection time is more than 30 minutes, an estimated 3.36 million children and 13.54 million adult females were responsible for water collection. In Malawi, the UN estimates that women who collected water spent 54 minutes on average, while men spent only 6 minutes. In Guinea and the United Republic of Tanzania average collection times for women were 20 minutes, double that of men. For women, the opportunity costs of collecting water are high, with far reaching effects. It considerably shortens the time they have available to spend with their families, on child care, other household tasks, or even in leisure activities. For both boys and girls, water collection can take time away from their education and sometimes even prevent their attending school altogether. Collection of water can affect the health of the whole family, and particularly of children. When water is not available at home, even if it is collected from a safe source, the fact that it has to be transported and stored increases the risk that it is faecally contaminated by the time it is drunk. This in turn increases the risk of diarrheal disease, which is the fourth leading cause of death among children under 5, and a leading cause of chronic malnutrition, or stunting, which affects 159 million children worldwide. More than 300,000 children under 5 die annually from diarrhoeal diseases due to poor sanitation, poor hygiene, or unsafe drinking water – over 800 per day.“No matter where you look, access to clean drinking water makes a difference in the lives of people,” said Wijesekera. “The needs are clear; the goals are clear. Women and children should not have to spend so much of their time for this basic human right.”Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)last_img read more

International Yoga Day 2017: How yoga in school can help students

first_img“Yoga is the journey of the self, through the self to the self.” – Bhagavad GitaThis beautiful and insightful piece of wisdom can help us understand the importance of yoga in life, and more so in adolescence when a child’s all-round development — physical, emotional and social — begins.Yoga has always been an integral part of Health and Physical Education, a compulsory subject, since 1988. The National Curriculum Framework, 2005, adopted a holistic approach towards health. Thus, yoga became more of an’ experiential learning’ component than a part of instructive education. (Read: JNU gives approval to 3 short-term courses in Indian culture and yoga)  And school life does come up with all the fun and leisure, but that doesn’t make the student’s life pressure-free. One may feel that it is only the senior students who have to face all the hard times but in reality, even the first graders have become susceptible to the academic pressure these days.Why schools are introducing yoga:Yoga brings in the momentous transformation that can enable students to keep up with their regular academic tasks without any flustersYoga not only takes care of the physical well-being but also givescalmative effect on the mental state making it clear that additionalbenefits of yoga are compelling. The educators have become highly interested in apprising students about yoga. When talking about the leading educational institutions, various surveys and reports suggest that this practice is already in the picture. Most parents encourage their kids to get into these classes as they are already familiar with the perks of it.Here’s what teachers have to say:”Often stress is seen as a major hindrance when it comes to the academic performance of students. Hike up in the competition has increased the incidents of stress and depression among students at an alarming rate. As we all know that Yoga comes up with stress relieving powers so it can undeniably be a stress buster for students” says MeetaRai, Principal, DPS Indirapuram.  advertisement”In my opinion, yoga is above all the regular physical exercises as it paves the way for disciplinary lifestyle amidst the students.  It serves both the physical body and the psychological aspect of a person. Gradually, one can develop a power to sense what’s wrong and right,” says GeetaVarshneya, Education Director, Khaitan Public School.”It’s equally important to serve the brain with spiritual knowledge and practices as one cannot apply the knowledge gained from education without the right sense of mind. There are meditation practices involved in yoga because of which both the conscious and subconscious segments of the brain can be benefitted. It’s important to practice overall yoga exercises in order to get the full benefit from it,” she added.These are the benefits of including yoga in school curriculum:1. Physical fitness An all-round development of children includes proper physical growth. This requires that all their nutritional and fitness needs are met. Physical fitness improves stamina, fine and gross motor skills, agility, etc. The chances of a kid, who sincerely practices yoga, performing well in any game is good. Thus, it opens up a career for them in sports. Practicing yoga could also bring about a sense of discipline, which is needed to prosper in any aspect of life. Moreover, 21st century students spend a lot of time in front of computers, which could affect their posture and eventually their health. However, performing asanas could help students mitigate the damage.2. Stress management Managing stress could be difficult for anybody, and perhaps more so for students. A lot of emotions, both negative and positive, could be overpowering. If they are unable to find an outlet or an expression, stress could affect their concentration and memory. If students are unable to manage their stress, it could adversely affect their studies. However, stress is an inevitable part of life and it could also have a positive effect-students could push themselves to achieve their targets and not get disheartened by failures. Vihara or relaxation could be achieved through asana and meditation.3. Personality development The personality development of an individual begins at birth and assumes great importance during adolescence. Emotional, physical, intellectual and social are the various dimensions of personality development. Yoga could help students with their all-round growth. While surya namaskar can improve blood circulation, pranayama could be an effective emotion management tool. An important aspect of personality development is socialisation. Respecting others, being polite and honest with others are key elements in leading a healthy and happy social life. The various breathing techniques of yoga can help students control their thoughts and emotions, reach harmony and manage their social life well.advertisementYoga is more than just breathing techniques and correct postures, it is a way of leading a healthy life.Originated in India, now it is being accepted as a form of science all over the world. It aims to unite the body, mind and soul. Yoga ought to be included in school curriculum with the view of developing a healthy lifestyle in learners and inculcating humane values in them.(With inputs from Beas Dev Ralhan, CEO and Co-founder, Next education India pvt ltd.)Read: Yoga, meditation, tai chi can actually transform your DNA! Read: CBSE’s decision of scrapping re-evaluation policy not justified: Delhi High Court For more updates, follow India Today Education or you can write to us at education.intoday@gmail.comlast_img read more

My players are heroes: Pochettino after Tottenham stun Man City in Champions League

first_imgTottenham Hotspur manager Mauricio Pochettino hailed his team as “heroes” after Wednesday’s astonishing Champions League quarter-final with Manchester City ended in an away goals win for his team after ending 4-4 on aggregate.The 4-3 win on the night for Manchester City was so nearly 5-3 – and progress to the last four for City – but Raheem Sterling’s stoppage time effort was ruled out by a VAR review which correctly spotted Sergio Aguero off-side.”It was unbelievable – the way it finished,” said Pochettino.”I am so happy, so proud. My players are heroes to be here. I am so happy for them, so happy for the fans,” added the Argentine, who was without injured leading scorer Harry Kane.Pochettino said he had gone through a wild mix of emotions during the final moments as four words flashed up on the big screen – “No goal, VAR, offiside” – confirmed that Sterling’s goal had been over-turned.”In a moment many things happened in your head, the disappointment was massive but they changed the decision,” he added.”That is why we love football. Today we showed great character and great personality it was an unbelievable game.”Spurs midfielder Christian Eriksen, who gave the ball away in the build-up to Sterling’s disallowed goal, did not disguise his relief.”I must be one of the luckiest guys on the planet tonight. I thought it was all over but it was a fun game. It was a rollercoaster, we gave them a lot but also got a lot. It was a weird game,” he said.advertisementTottenham’s South Korean forward Son Heung-min, whose two strikes were part of the four goals scored in the opening 11 minutes, said it was an unforgettable game.”I have never seen something like this. It was tough and crazy but we are very proud of our team mates. It was madness,” he said.”Sometimes you are annoyed with VAR but today it is thank you. We fought together for 90 minutes. We showed unbelievable character and fight.”Also Read | Guardiola vows Manchester City will fight for Premier League title even after end of quadruple dreamsAlso Read | Tottenham enter Champions League semis despite 3-4 defeat at Manchester CityAlso Read | Champions League quarters: Guardiola upbeat despite Man City setback at TottenhamAlso Watch | India name 15-man squad for 2019 Cricket World Cuplast_img read more

Alex Sandro called up by Brazil

first_imgJuventus Alex Sandro replaces Marcelo in Brazil squad Joe Wright 04:14 24/9/2017 FacebookTwitterRedditcopy Comments(0) alex sandro - cropped Getty Images Juventus Bolivia v Brazil Brazil v Chile Brazil Bolivia Chile Real Madrid WC Qualification South America Serie A Primera División Marcelo The Juventus left-back has replaced the Real Madrid man for October’s World Cup qualifiers against Bolivia and Chile. Alex Sandro has been called up to the Brazil squad for next month’s World Cup qualifiers in place of the injured Marcelo.The Real Madrid full-back suffered a hamstring tear in Wednesday’s shock 1-0 defeat to Real Betis and is expected to be out of action for at least a month.READ MORE: What did Tite learn from WCQ?  | Willian states Brazil case  | Tite explains Brazil squad And the former Porto man will now join the Selecao for matches against Bolivia and Chile. Article continues below Editors’ Picks ‘I’m getting better’ – Can Man Utd flop Fred save his Old Trafford career? Why Barcelona god Messi will never be worshipped in the same way in Argentina Lyon treble & England heartbreak: The full story behind Lucy Bronze’s dramatic 2019 Liverpool v Man City is now the league’s biggest rivalry and the bitterness is growing “Alex Sandro was called up on Friday for the Brazilian national team’s next two matches,” the Brazilian Football Confederation (CBF) said in a statement.”Real Madrid were very thoughtful and sent over medical reports of tests carried out on Marcelo. After analysing them, the need for a longer recovery period was clear, which prevents his participation in the next matches.”Brazil, who have already qualified for next year’s finals in Russia, face Bolivia in La Paz on October 5 before hosting Chile five days later in Sao Paulo.last_img read more