Apr 19, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – The nation’s largest mumps epidemic in decades has reached well over 1,000 cases and will probably grow further before it ebbs, the head of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) said today.Calling the epidemic the largest in more than 20 years, CDC Director Dr. Julie Gerberding said it has grown to 815 cases in Iowa and 350 cases in seven other states. Suspected cases are under investigation in seven additional states, she said. Most of the cases are in 18- to 25-year-olds, many of them college students, the CDC has said.”We will not be surprised if we see more people affected either in the college context or as students spend time with their families or their community friends,” which could lead “more extension [of mumps] into the community,” Gerberding said in a teleconference this afternoon.At least 20 people have been hospitalized in the epidemic so far, but none have died of the viral illness, Gerberding said. The illness typically involves swelling of the salivary glands along with fever, headache, malaise, muscles aches, and loss of appetite.The CDC said last week that many of the young adults who have contracted mumps had previously been vaccinated. Today Gerberding cited two likely reasons for the epidemic: some people received only one dose of the vaccine instead of the recommended two doses, and the vaccine simply isn’t effective in about 10% of recipients.”We have no information to suggest there’s any problem with the vaccine,” she said. “The problem here is lack of complete coverage with the vaccine. . . . There’s a group of students, mainly college students, who are less likely to have received both doses of the vaccine.” The CDC says one dose of measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine protects against mumps in about 80% of people.In addition, Gerberding said, “Though this is a very good vaccine, it ‘s not perfect. About 10% of people who get both doses still remain susceptible” to mumps.When people live in crowded settings, such as college dorms or other institutions, a case of mumps can trigger “a cascade of transmission,” she added.People who were born before 1957 are considered immune to mumps, because nearly everyone in that age-group had the illness, according to the CDC.For younger people, coverage with two doses of vaccine is important, and especially so for students, others living in institutions, and healthcare workers, Gerberding said.Referring to healthcare workers, she said, “If you haven’t received two doses, it’s very important that you get your second dose.”Gerberding said the CDC has some MMR vaccine on hand and plans to supply 25,000 doses to Iowa. In addition, the vaccine manufacturer, Merck, has donated 25,000 doses, which the agency will use to immunize people in affected areas. The CDC is not expecting a shortage for now, she said.In response to a question, she said there is no sign that waning immunity is a factor in the epidemic. If waning immunity were the primary problem, there would be more cases in older people, she said.The source of the outbreak is unknown, according to the CDC. The strain circulating in the United States is genotype G, the same as the strain circulating in the United Kingdom, where more than 100,000 cases have occurred in the past few years, Gerberding said. But at this point there is no proof that the situations are linked, she said.Besides Iowa, states involved in the outbeak include Illinois, Indiana, Kansas, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, and Wisconsin, the CDC said in its Apr 14 health advisory.In an Apr 7 report, the CDC said the United States has had an average of 265 mumps cases per year since 2001. Gerberding said about 20% of cases are mild or asymptomatic, so people can spread the virus without knowing they have it.The CDC says complications of mumps can include deafness, pancreatitis, meningitis, encephalitis, spontaneous abortion, and inflammation of the testicles, ovaries, or breasts. Aside from deafness, these are more likely in adults than children.See also:CDC. Exposure to mumps during air travel—United States, 2006. MMWR 2006 Apr 11;55(Dispatch):1-2http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm55d411a1.htmCDC. Mumps epidemic—Iowa, 2006. MMWR 2006 Apr 7;55(13):366-8http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5513a3.htm
Week three of the spring position previews shifts focus from Jim Leonhard’s defense to the offensive side of the football, a unit also welcoming many new faces to the mix.I don’t need to be the one to say that last year’s Badgers disappointed for many reasons. This lack of success can partially be credited to the team’s offense only scoring 29.7 points per game, good for 61st in the nation, after scoring 33.8 points per game during the team’s outstanding 2017 season.The underlying stats, however, paint a different picture.Football: To fuel 2019 season, Badger secondary looking for consistencyAfter last week’s dive into the units of defensive backs and linebackers, this week the focus is on Coach Paul Read…An important statistic in evaluating offensive production is yards per play. This stat takes the total yards gained by an offense and divides it by the number of plays the unit ran during the course of a season.The 2017 Badgers, a team that went 13-1 and fell a drive short of the College Football Playoff, averaged 6.1 yards per play.The 2018 Badgers, a team that went 8-5, averaged 6.4 yards per play.The drop in offensive production on the scoreboard was not due to a lack of production by the team as a whole, but rather due to untimely turnovers and a lack of efficiency in the red zone and on special teams — Rafael Gaglianone, the team’s kicker, made an atrocious 58 percent of his field goals.So, now that Offensive Coordinator and Offensive Line Coach Joe Rudolph has lost much of his 2018 and 2017 talent to graduation and the NFL, it’s time for him to rebuild his unit in order to bring the Badgers back into national relevance.The first positional units of the offense previewed are the offensive line and backfield.Offensive LineBadger fans know the offensive line has been a pivotal cog in Head Coach Paul Chryst’s and Rudolph’s offensive system, one premised on dominating the line of scrimmage and running the football.Last year the line boasted NFL talent across the board in Jon Dietzen, Michael Deiter, Tyler Biadasz, Beau Benzschawel and David Edwards.Football Outsiders’ end-of-year rankings had the unit as the best in the nation, outperforming the great offensive lines of Alabama, Oklahoma and other top programs.Looking forward to 2019, however, only Biadasz returns to the team, and a new-look line must be ushered in around him.The good news for Wisconsin fans is that Chryst hasn’t had any trouble in the past bringing top-level talent at the position to the school, as he has seemingly rebooted the line to a perennial top-ten unit in the nation every year.Current linemen on the roster who will battle for open starting jobs alongside Biadasz include redshirt sophomore Kayden Lyles, redshirt senior Jason Erdmann, redshirt sophomore Tyler Beach, redshirt senior David Moorman, redshirt sophomore Logan Bruss and redshirt sophomore Josh Seltzner.With Biadasz on the sideline for the spring session and several spring practices in the books, the shape of the line around him is starting to form with Moorman at left tackle, Seltzner at left guard, Bruss at right guard and Beach at right tackle.This lineup is not finalized, however, as Chryst and the staff will welcome in five-star recruit Logan Brown to the team in the fall and have Erdmann and Cole Van Lanen, players who both played in 13 games a year ago, battling for the positions.Despite all these new names up front, Biadasz is encouraged with the progress that they’ve made as a unit since the spring began.“They’re doing a hell of a job this spring so far,” Biadasz said. “It’s only week two and they’re doing a really good job of just catching along and building themselves each practice.”Chryst and Rudolph hope that the development at the position continues as the spring and summer progress and that the line can come close to their 2017 and 2018 form.Football: Fresh defensive line, linebacking corps seek to return Wisconsin defense to dominanceThe date was December 27, but the Badgers’ 34–3 Pinstripe Bowl victory against the University of Miami feels like it Read…Running Back and FullbackThe answer in the backfield is clear. Jonathan Taylor is back in Madison for his junior season and will be ready to defend the Doak Walker Award he received last fall.Taylor is coming off a sophomore season that not only lived up to the hype that followed his freshman campaign but exceeded it with 2,194 yards and 16 touchdowns. To put Taylor’s historic first two seasons in perspective, he’s on pace to become the greatest running back in Wisconsin history.What isn’t clear about the backfield, however, is who will play Robin to Taylor’s Batman and keep him fresh throughout the season.Last year, Taiwan Deal, Garrett Groshek and Chris James split the role of the team’s backup running back and filled it well, averaging 6.6, 6.5 and 4.7 yards per carry respectively. Groshek is back in Madison this season but Deal and James both graduated last spring, leaving a big hole in the rotation.Chryst addressed the running back rotation when speaking after the Badgers’ 7th spring practice.“There are spots or roles to be earned,” Chryst said. “That’s where spring is a good time to get reps, the consistency probably won’t come until fall camp.”The likely heir to Deal and James’ role as one of Taylor’s backups is Bradrick Shaw. Shaw was injured for all of the 2018 season but showed promise during his freshman year in 2016, rushing for over 450 yards on an average of 5.2 yards per carry.Shaw and Groshek should do an effective job aiding Taylor this season — Shaw as more of the bruising, powerful back and Groshek as a third-down passing option.The story of departed talent continues at the fullback position with Alec Ingold graduating and pursuing an NFL career. The likely replacement for Ingold is redshirt junior Mason Stokke. Stokke played in nine games a year ago, only carrying the ball four times.Other fullbacks on the roster are sophomore Leo Chenal and redshirt sophomore Coy Wanner.Both of these units — the offensive line and backfield — will work to take pressure off one of the most talked about positions coming into spring and summer football — quarterback.Will Graham Mertz, the No. 5 overall quarterback in this year’s class, take the helm as a true freshman? Will Jack Coan build off his productive-at-times 2018 season?Next week the quarterback position will be previewed along with the wide receiver group, two positions with plenty still up in the air with the 2019 campaign around the corner.Note: The print version of this article incorrectly identified Logan Brown as Trent Brown. The Badger Herald regrets this error. Brown’s correct name is listed in this story.
Submit StumbleUpon Share Share Related Articles EGBA calls for enhanced collaboration on consumer rights August 11, 2020 The European Gaming and Betting Association (EGBA) has welcomed the progress made on Germany’s new draft state treaty for gambling regulation, but has urged the gambling authorities to reconsider some of the proposals made.The proposals made which have focused upon consumer protection, state tax revenues and regulatory oversight of gambling have been backed by the EGBA.However, it emphasised that some of the proposals made in the current draft treaty, such as the imposition of advertising restrictions, curbs on player account activity and live betting restrictions ‘would be detrimental and counterproductive to the intentions of the regulation’.Maarten Haijer, Secretary General of EGBA, commented: “This is a positive development towards bringing Germany’s gambling regulation into the 21st century. The challenge will be to deliver a new regulation which is fit for the digital age we live in, which provides a safer gambling environment for consumers and enables a well-regulated and well-channelled market.“We look forward to providing formal comments to the proposals in due course and continuing a constructive dialogue with the German authorities.”The new treaty, if agreed at the Minister-Presidents meeting on 5 March, would replace the existing second state treaty and come into force on 1 July, 2021.It aims to regulate Germany’s gambling activity in an effective way and ensure gambling activity takes place within the legal, regulated gambling environment, particularly in the online sector.Despite German treaty reforms, the EU has continually rejected Germany’s regulatory framework, underlining that German online gambling maintains restrictive business conditions as Schleswig-Holstein chose to limit operator licensing – deemed an infringement upon foreign competition. EGBA: German Policy unfit to tackle black market threats July 16, 2020 Jdigital appeals Spanish decree orders to EC courts July 23, 2020