Rwanda’s women as leaders, not victims

first_imgA woman who was raped during the genocide became caregiver for her younger sisters. Another helped create an association to assist widows and orphans after her own husband, parents, and siblings were killed. A third became a grassroots activist who took part in efforts to persuade Rwandan fighters in Congo to return home. A fourth was a lawyer who helped rewrite the country’s constitution.These are some of the 90 profiles in “Rwandan Women Rising,” a new book by Swanee Hunt, a former U.S. ambassador to Austria and the Eleanor Roosevelt Lecturer in Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government. Filled with testimonies gathered since 2000, the book highlights the key roles played by women, from activists to entrepreneurs to lawmakers, in rebuilding the country following the 1994 genocide.“In the many books I had read on Rwanda, women are mostly mentioned as victims,” said Hunt, just back from a trip to the country to discuss the book. “The women I interviewed debunk that.”The genocide in Rwanda was perpetrated by the Hutu majority government against nearly a million Tutsis. In a stunning reversal, the country has become one of Africa’s most stable, with a fast-growing economy, thousands lifted out of poverty, and advances in health care and education, notwithstanding accusations of despotism against President Paul Kagame, who has been in power since 1994.Rwanda is also leading the way in ethnic reconciliation and gender equality in politics. Women made up 70 percent of the post-genocide population, and they stepped into the ensuing chaos and power vacuum, starting groups to help widows and orphans meet basic needs such as shelter, food, and schooling. Soon came legislation supporting women’s and children’s rights, including a 2003 law mandating that 30 percent of parliamentary seats be reserved for women. Rwandan women currently hold 49 of 80 seats in parliament, a percentage unmatched internationally, according to a 2017 report by the Inter-Parliamentary Union.How Rwandan women rose from hardship and grief to lead their country’s rebirth is at the heart of Hunt’s book. The author mixes profiles with her own analysis to portray a model of peace, security, and leadership.“Most women hadn’t been killed, they had been raped,” said Hunt. “They had seen the devastation. They had seen their husbands hacked to death right in front of their eyes. And so afterwards, they had to bury the bodies.”Examples of strength and resilience among Rwandan women are plenty, but Hunt said she owes special debts of inspiration to Fatima, a woman who died of AIDS contracted from soldiers who raped her, and the late Aloisea Inyumba, who served as executive secretary of the National Unity and Reconciliation Commission.“Inyumba was my teacher and Fatima is my conscience,” Hunt said. “Inyumba taught me to listen. As the head of the reconciliation commission she traveled across the country to listen to women and put hundreds of Tutsi orphans in care of Hutu families.“Fatima told me before she died, ‘I’m dying soon, and I don’t want my story to die with me.’ And to me that became an imperative. I had a responsibility to tell their stories.”Hunt’s tenure as an ambassador in Austria during the Bosnian war helped foster her belief in the importance of women in securing peace in countries devastated by ethnic conflict. After departing Europe in 1997, she became the founding director of the Women and Public Policy Program at the Kennedy School, and two years later she launched Inclusive Security, an organization devoted to promoting the advancement of women in the world. She first traveled to Rwanda for a conference in 2000.“I saw the end of the Bosnian genocide and the peace negotiations, and there were no women involved in the negotiations,” said Hunt. “I came to believe firmly that you have a different peace agreement if you have women around the table. In Rwanda, women have gotten a place at the table, and the story is what has happened when they were at the table.”Ideas about Rwanda are changing. In class, Hunt notices that when she asks students what country has the highest percentage of women in parliament around the world, somebody comes up with the right answer after the fourth or fifth try.“Students always say Sweden, the United States, Norway,” said Hunt. “But the word is spreading.”Rwanda’s strides in women’s leadership represent a model for the rest of the world, said Hunt, and in particular for the United States, which ranks No. 101 on the list by the Inter-Parliamentary Union. Women hold 84 of 435 seats in the House of Representatives and 21 of 100 seats in the Senate.“The U.S. is probably the country in most need of lessons from Rwandan women,” said Hunt. “But we all can learn from them.”last_img read more

Wounded Warriors visit campus over weekend

first_imgChad Watson walked into the Oak Room above South Dining Hall last Friday evening as anyone else would. One foot after the other, each step as steady as the last. No one would guess that Watson lost his leg in Fallujah, Iraq, a few years ago when an explosive detonated under a Humvee he was driving. “I got involved with Wounded Warriors by originally being a wounded warrior myself,” said Watson, now the area outreach coordinator for the Midwest for the Wounded Warrior Project. “I was a marine, and in 2006, I came back to a hospital and recovered there for 17 months. While I was there, I met the Wounded Warrior Project and they helped me out a lot.” Now, Watson works with the Wounded Warrior Project to help other soldiers transition to civilian life when they return home. “Not all service members have a lot of support. A lot of people help them in the hospital, but they seem to forget what happens after,” he said. “The Wounded Warrior Project is here to honor and empower the veterans once they get back home.” The Wounded Warriors hold events where the veterans can simply enjoy themselves, as they have done by visiting Notre Dame. Patrick Concannon, president of the New York Fire Department Fire Family Transport Foundation and member of the Notre Dame class of 1977, said Wounded Warriors began visiting Notre Dame shortly after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. Since then, they have made this trip annually for six years. These trips allow the veterans a break from the everyday, which often involves a difficult transition back into society. Many times the most difficult injuries aren’t physically noticeable. “A lot of these guys deal with post-traumatic stress disorder or traumatic head injury. What’s happened is that they’re so close to these explosions that the brain hits the skull and bounces back,” Concannon said. “It’s a long fight up to where they were before they went overseas.” Four months of work on this specific event culminated this weekend. Concannon said this event is particularly special because it is a giant venture between the Los Angeles Fire Department, the New York City Fire Department, the Chicago Fire Department, the South Bend Fire Department, the Elkhart Fire Department and the Notre Dame Fire Department. Working together, they brought, fed and housed every Wounded Warrior visiting campus over the weekend. On Friday, the Warriors cheered at the pep rally amidst a sea of green and enjoyed a banquet in the Oak Room above South Dining Hall. On Saturday they were escorted with lights and sirens to their tailgate party and then to the stadium for the game. The weekend closed with a party at Concannon’s home in South Bend. Touring campus, the Wounded Warriors Project facilitators and veterans said they have come to appreciate the students of Notre Dame. One specific case showed itself when freshman Lauren Katen and the a cappella group Halftime offered to perform for the warriors at their banquet. “I mean, it’s just unbelievable how the younger generations are gathering to show their respect,” Cocannon said. “We didn’t even have to ask. [Katen] and the choir offered to do it, which was really great.” Concannon said he views actions like these gratefully, especially since he predicts that next year, there will be more Wounded Warriors from Afghanistan and Iraq coming home. He said with the way things are going, people will need to show respect to these soldiers more than ever. “Even when you display the American flag, they see that,” he said. “It’s little things like this that add up to a big impact.” To be even more proactive, he suggested checking out the Wounded Warrior website. Nick Hintz of the Elkhart Fire Department agreed with him, and encouraged everyone to come to events. “See if there’s something in the area. Just come out and thank them, support them and find out who they are,” Hintz said. “Ask if there’s anything you can do, which could be as simple as handing out water bottles or serving food.” The Wounded Warrior Project tries to not only help rehabilitate the men and women who return, but to also give them opportunities to enjoy a bit more of life, since they protect our freedom to do so. “The freedoms and things that we enjoy in this country have to be protected by somebody, and they really selflessly put themselves on the line for those freedoms,” said Steve Grabowski, lieutenant of the Chicago Fire Department. Watson said the time to show respect may occur at any time, even on campus. “They passed the post-9/11 GI Bill, so a lot of service members are coming back and going to universities. Make them fell welcome,” Watson said. “And every time you see a veteran, thank them, no matter what war. They’re the ones that allow us to do what we do — like go to college.” With the gift of freedom, which allows United States citizens to attend universities and enter careers of their choosing, Concannon suggested Notre Dame students follow their hearts. Doing so, they can change the world for the better. “As a Notre Dame grad, I think that the Notre Dame students that go out into the world can all make the differences, whether it’s me being in the fire department or working with the Haiti Relief Fund or anything,” he said. “Your degree, and eventually your life, can work toward that.” He said that every trip to Notre Dame includes a journey to the Grotto, where the veterans and firemen light candles and pray, having a chance to reflect. “One of the things about soldiers is that they ask for nothing but that they appreciate everything,” Grabowski said.last_img read more

Laliga: Real goes six points clear

first_imgRelatedPosts Bale completes Tottenham return from Real Madrid Tottenham sign £25m Sergio Reguilon Tottenham re-signs Bale on loan Real Madrid turned an awkward away fixture against battling Osasuna into a routine win as they took another step towards regaining the title. Zinedine Zidane’s side knew this was a potential slip-up and after 14 minutes they were behind. Unai Garcia dive-headed a corner past Thibaut Courtois from the 12 yards out. But Madrid kept their heads and were soon level. Gareth Bale was in the team for his first start in the league since January 4 and on 33 minutes he was involved in the equaliser. His shot was half blocked and when it ballooned up to the impressive Isco, he volleyed it past Sergio Herrera to make it 1-1. It was Sergio Ramos who put Real Madrid ahead. Luka Modric’s deep corner was headed back across the face of the goal by Casemiro and Ramos headed in from close range. Osasuna’s fiery fans were irate. Ramos had got away with an awful challenge on Ruben Garcia earlier. The captain should have been carded and the card could have been red, but the foul on Ruben Garcia’s left ankle went unpunished and now he had risen to nod his team into the lead. Ramos’ was not the last borderline challenge of the game. Nacho Vidal flew into Fede Valverde and was given a yellow card. And Iñigo Perez then went in late on Lucas Vazquez and was, like Ramos, not even cautioned. Lucas it was who put daylight between Real Madrid and Osasuna. The substitute, who replaced Bale on 70 minutes, got the third with five minutes left. Modric played Karim Benzema through the middle and he intelligently delayed his pass, waiting for Lucas to run in behind the Osasuna defence and shoot past Herrera who got a hand to the shot but could not keep the ball out. Luka Jovic put the cherry on top of the pie for Madrid. The Serbian has struggled for goals but, on as a late substitute, he blasted the ball into the roof of the net to make it 4-1 on 92 minutes from Fede Valverde’s pass. The maestro Modric had played in Valverde. He had run the game from midfield and made a tough game straightforward. With the Croatian finding his best form, Jovic in the goals, and Bale back involved, everything is coming together for Zidane with Manchester City on the horizon.Tags: IscoLuka ModricReal MadridThibaut CourtoisUnai GarciaZindeine ZIdanelast_img read more

By the numbers: Statistical comparisons between Syracuse and Johns Hopkins

first_imgSecond-seeded Syracuse (13-2, 2-2 Atlantic Coast) will take on Johns Hopkins (10-6, 4-1 Big Ten) in the NCAA tournament quarterfinals on Sunday at noon in Annapolis, Maryland. The two teams met once before this season, with Syracuse escaping at home in a 13-10 win over the Blue Jays on March 14. Here are several key statistics, explaining how the two teams stack up against each other heading into the do-or-die matchup this weekend. Faceoffs:JHU: 54 percentSyracuse: 66 percentJohns Hopkins head coach Dave Pietramala said there would be no way for his team to get into an offensive rhythm if SU’s Ben Williams does what everyone expects of him. The sophomore faceoff specialist won 16-of-27 faceoffs against the Blue Jays in the regular season matchup. It’s worth noting that Syracuse has been more effective at the X earlier in games, and as a result has taken 111 more shots than its opponents in the first half of games this year compared to just 43 in the second halves of games. AdvertisementThis is placeholder textMan-up goals:JHU: 35 (47 percent)Syracuse: 29 (49 percent)Syracuse converted on two of its four man-up opportunities in its 20-8 win over Marist on Sunday. In the last three games, the Orange has converted on six man-up chances. As a team SU has drawn 16 more penalties than its opponents and 13 more minutes on the man-up. Johns Hopkins, on the other hand, has drawn 25 more penalties than its opponents with an extra 16 minutes within the advantage. Opponents shooting percentage:JHU: 30 percentSyracuse: 28 percentMuch like the Orange offense, the Syracuse defense is stocked with upperclassmen. Three of the four primary defenders are academic seniors while Jay McDermott is a junior. SU has dominated winning ground balls by a 519-363 clip this season, and that’s not all because of Williams. JHU only has a plus-23 margin on ground balls, but the defense has stepped it up at the right time, allowing fewer than 10 goals in the past three games. Goals per game: JHU: 13Syracuse: 15The Syracuse attack stacks up with anybody in the country, but Pietramala said it’s the Orange’s secondary options like Henry Schoonmaker, Nicky Galasso and Hakeem Lecky on the first-line midfield that make SU so dangerous. Those three have combined for 29 percent of the team’s scoring while the attacks are at 48 percent. John’s Hopkins’ scoring comes largely from Ryan Brown, who has 58 of the team’s 207 goals. No one else has more than 25 goals.Turnover margin: JHU: -8Syracuse: +11John Desko was asked what, if any, were his team’s weaknesses. He mentioned turnovers as something his group needs to work on, as the Orange has totaled 11 more turnovers than its opponents this season. More than 30 players on the roster have totaled at least one turnover. Johns Hopkins has actually turned the ball over eight more times than Syracuse, but has also collected 27 more turnovers from its opponents than SU.Goals against average:JHU: 10Syracuse: 9Bobby Wardwell has been a better goalie late in games than early on. He’s made 44 saves in the fourth quarters of games this year compared to just 27 in the first quarter. Eric Schneider for JHU has seen a marked difference later in the season. In the past five games he’s allowed 6.8 goals per game compared to 12.4 during a rough seven-game stretch early in the year. ESPN analyst Mark Dixon said neither goalkeeper is the best out there, but both do a good job giving their teams a shot to win. Comments Published on May 16, 2015 at 1:26 pm Contact Sam: sblum@syr.edu | @SamBlum3 Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more

18 Cubs named in Hippos 31 man provisional squad for CECAFA

first_img Tags: CECAFA U20topUganda Hippos 18 of the Cubs that will take part in the 2019 AFCON finals have been summoned (file photo)CECAFA U-20 Tournament 2019:14th – 17th January 2019Gulu, UgandaMENGO – The technical team for Uganda’s U20 National Team, has released a 31 man provisional squad as they build up to the CECAFA U20 tournament.The under age tournament that will take place between 14th and 17th January will be hosted in Gulu, Uganda.As expected, 18 of the Uganda U-17 national team, the Cubs, who won the 2018 CECAFA region U-17 qualifiers to make the AFCON 2019 U-17 finals are part of the provisional list.The team that has been announced is expected to start residential training at the FUFA Technical center, Njeru on tomorrow (Friday).Meanwhile, FUFA is set to name a new head coach for the Hippos following changes made by the their federation emergency executive committee meeting.KCCA FC Soccer Academy coach Jackson Magera will be the 1st Assistant coach while Hamza Lutalo is the 2nd Assistant coach. Kiberu Mubarak is expected to be named as the goalkeepers’ coach, Emma Nakabago (Head of Medical) while Frank Bumpenjje is the kitsman.Uganda Squad:Goalkeepers: Delton Oyo (Kirinya-Jinja S.S Junior Team), Jack Komakech (Ndejje University Junior Team), Daniel Ssemwogerere (Bright Stars Junior Team), Eric Kaweesi (URA FC Junior Team).Defenders: John Rogers (Onduparaka Junior Team), Kevin Ssekimbega (Express Junior Team), Jonathan Gift Odong (Kakungulu Memorial), Innocent Opiro (Ndejje University Junior Team), Ibrahim Juma (KCCA Soccer Academy), Gavin Kizito Mugweri (Vipers Junior Team), Yasin Mukiibi (Kataka), Samson Kasozi (Bright Stars Junior Team).Midfielders: Ronnie Ziraba (Express Junior Team), Shafik Waswanga (Ndejje University Junior Team), Ibrahim Ekellot (KCCA Soccer Academy), John Kokas Alou (URA Junior Team), Thomas Kakaire (Bright Stars Junior Team), Polycarp Mwaka (Ndejje University Junior Team), Andrew Kawooya (Vipers Junior Team), Ivan Asaba (Vipers Junior Team), Yasin Abdul Owane (Vipers Junior Team), Isma Mugulusi (Kirinya-Jinja S.S Junior Team), Derrick Lubega (Express Junior Team), Owen Mukisa (BUL Junior Team).Forwards: Iddi Abdul Wahid (Onduparaka Junior Team), Najib Yiga (Vipers Junior Team), George Opio (Luzira FC), Rogers Mugisha (Mbarara City Junior Team), James Jarieko (Paidha Black Angels Junior Team)Comments last_img read more