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first_imgI did my economics honours from Delhi’s St Stephen’s College between 1973 and 1976. I was clear that I would sit for the civil services exam. But those days it was very tough to score well in civil services with economics as the main subject. Students who did well in,I did my economics honours from Delhi’s St Stephen’s College between 1973 and 1976. I was clear that I would sit for the civil services exam. But those days it was very tough to score well in civil services with economics as the main subject. Students who did well in economics from the Delhi School of Economics did very poorly in the civil services examination. Therefore, I decided that I would switch over to international relations. I applied to the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) and got admission in the School of International Relations (SIR); I spent two years there.Those two years were a very unique period of my life. It was a great learning experience and actually in those two years I learnt more about the world and evolved more as a person than I did during the three years in St Stephen’s College. It was a fascinating experience at JNU. It was the post-Emergency period. There was a lot of vibrant politics on the campus. Many students from JNU had gone to jail. There was a lively energetic atmosphere on the campus. There were students following Left, Extreme Left and Extreme Extreme Left ideology. There used to be heady debates and discussions in the hostels, which used to start after dinner and continue till dawn. There were different shades of Marxism all over JNU. I recall attending several of those debates and greatly benefitting from them. The university used to host a number of great speakers from divergent schools of thought.There were also several active groups of free thinkers who were fully aware but not politically committed to the Left ideology. I was one among the free thinkers. The SFI was very well entrenched in the campus. I recall how Prakash Karat, Sitaram Yechuri and Jairus Banaji brought in a high level of intellectual discourse during the electioneering process. Issues of ideology, global and national politics dominated these debates. That’s why the learning experience at JNU was vast and varied. The reception area of the main JNU buildingWithin the university, the academic circle was quite vibrant. There were some phenomenal teachers. One of the iconic teachers in the School of International Studies was Professor Ashok Guha who taught me economics. There were other doyens such as Professor Anand who taught international law, Professor S.D. Muni and Dr Pushpesh Pant. There was a whole set of outstanding teachers who helped students to learn and evolve. The quality of teaching was very high.JNU was in the old campus then. After classes, we would go to the library. Next to the library, there was a dhaba where we used to spend time debating and discussing. I used to stay in the Periyar hostel; it had an intellectually stimulating atmosphere. My sensibilities in arts, culture, dance and music evolved in JNU. Inside the JNU libraryJNU, in many ways, was a microcosm of India. There were students from all parts of India. The campus was very compact then. Various departments and schools were not as spread out as they are now. The students from one school used to interact with others. The meeting point was either the dhaba or the library. This is something I don’t see happening now, as the different centres are located far from each other. There is very little interaction between students of different schools. As soon as I finished my masters, I sat for the civil services and I was selected. So I left JNU after two years. If I have to summarise the JNU of my time, a few things stood out — it had outstanding faculty, the students enjoyed a lot of freedom and it had a lively and intellectually vibrant atmosphere. JNU was a great leveller, as it attracted students from a diverse milieu. The kurta-jeans culture, which students wore all the time, brought everyone down to a common denominator, making each appreciative of the others social and economic background. In fact, I made friends from varied backgrounds who have remained my friends till date. That was also a period when a lot of JNU students opted for government services with the commitment of transforming the country and doing something for the downtrodden. In fact, JNU helped students to clear the civil services because of its multidisciplinary approach. That’s where JNU has an edge over others. From the same floor in my hostel one friend, Asif Ibrahim, became the director of Intelligence Bureau (IB), another, Alok Joshi, became chief of the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW), yet another friend, S. Jaishankar, became the foreign secretary. Several of my classmates made it to the IAS and IFS and have contributed significantly to India’s growth and development. India’s defence minister Nirmala Sitharaman is also a distinguished alumnus of the university.In my time, the vice chancellor, the faculty and students in JNU used to work in cohesion. Quite often, we could see the faculty and students protesting together on some national or international issue. The students used to get arrested regularly. Many of them used to be regularly taken to the Tughlaq Road police station. But the university administration and teachers always supported the students. There was no political vendetta. The VC and the faculty ran the university. It was an epitome of autonomy. I find that the cohesion of my time is missing now. Often, students are on one side, the management on another while the teachers take a different position altogether. The three components must work in close coordination. They must have a common vision on where they want to take JNU in the future.The system of selection of students in JNU has to be improved. The selection system has become very lax over a period of time. The selection must be merit-based. JNU should also start its courses only from the post-graduate level. Only in the School of Languages should they allow undergraduate courses. But the selection process needs a complete overhaul.Whatever be the situation, the university must produce the best students. They have to be best products of the Indian education system. So its very important that the quality of intake is very high and that can happen with a stringent selection process. JNU students must excel in every walk of life. JNU was designed to be a centre of great excellence.To make that happen, the focus must be on high quality research as well. There is a need for focused research and more publications from JNU. There is very little research work being done at present. The number of published research papers is very low.We must ensure that the best teachers from across the world come to JNU. It cannot remain an isolated institution living with its own ideology in its own world. The administration must ensure that students following different ideologies coexist in the university and flourish. JNU must be exposed to the worlds best universities. We must see collaborations with top universities such as Stanford, Harvard and MIT and Oxford.There was a time when BHU was perhaps the best university in India. A Tamilian, Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, was appointed the VC of the university only on merit. He went on to become the President of India. Another such university was the Allahabad University, which had several outstanding teachers from South India. This meant that meritorious teachers from across the country were brought into the centres of academic excellence. The selection of teachers was purely on merit. From the mid-seventies, caste, religion and region replaced merit in the selection process. Political intervention started increasing. That resulted in many of these universities losing their old glory and legacy.The rule of merit must be brought back. If JNU has to maintain its legacy, it must improve the quality of its teachers and students. Teachers leave a huge imprint on students. We can build a secure and better future for India by selecting the right kind of teachers.Finally, JNU must work on its strength — a multidisciplinary approach. It cannot be only about politics. We need arts, culture, music and sports to flourish too on the campus. Its many schools must emerge as the finest institutions of higher learning in the world.The writer is an alumnus of JNU and currently CEO of NITI Aayog.last_img read more

a month agoWatford captain Deeney urging supporters to get behind them

first_imgWatford captain Deeney urging supporters to get behind themby Paul Vegasa month agoSend to a friendShare the loveWatford captain Troy Deeney is urging supporters to get behind the players.Deeney says the players remained confident that they could still have a good season, but said fans needed to be a bit more patient after the change of head coach from Javi Gracia and Quique Sanchez Flores.”We can’t panic yet. If we start panicking what does that transmit?” said the skipper.”Obviously there’s quality there [in the team], but the main quality that’s needed now is hard work and resilience and not to fold because as you saw tonight at half time, some fans were a bit iffy and it’s six games in. There has to be a sense of realism.”We’re not spending £50 million on centre halves, we’re not paying people 200 grand a week. We’re still Watford, we’re still learning, we’re still building, but when we win, we win together and when we lose, we lose together and that’s where I think we’re getting a little bit lost in the connection between fans and players.”Don’t get me wrong, lose 8-0, you deserve to get battered, we all do. We take that on the chin, but at the same time when we win, be with us.”We’re growing and ultimately changing manager, you’ve got to find your best team and best formation and we’ve got a lot of attacking talent now, so how you mould that and get everyone playing and clicking at the same time. It’s difficult.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

22 days agoLiverpool legend Carragher: Alexander-Arnold capable of playing in midfield

first_imgLiverpool legend Carragher: Alexander-Arnold capable of playing in midfieldby Paul Vegas22 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveLiverpool legend Jamie Carragher says Trent Alexander-Arnold is capable of playing in the midfield in the future.Alexander-Arnold’s delivery from the right flank has become a consistent and dangerous weapon for Jurgen Klopp’s side over the past few years, but despite that there is still a belief that the youngster will one day move into midfield.”He’s probably one of the best young players in the world if you think about what he has done,” Carragher told Viasport.“If you talk about [Kylian] Mbappe and he’s won the World Cup, but as a defender and playing at this level and how important he is to the team, he is possibly the most creative player in the team from right full-back.“He has a lot of responsibility at a young age and he’s not going to be a superstar, he is a superstar.“His strengths are that he can handle the ball and he is the most creative player in the team, just look at his assists.“People talk about the future and could he come into midfield and be a Kevin De Bruyne type player.”He has more quality now that Liverpool ‘s midfield players and you think about the crosses that De Bruyne puts in from the right midfield position and maybe that’s a position where Trent could play.“But at the moment you wouldn’t think about moving position because he is playing so well.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Fred Willard Hosts International Myeloma Foundations Comedy Celebration

first_imgEarlier this week, the International Myeloma Foundation presented the 9th Annual Comedy Celebration at The Wilshire Ebell Theatre & Club in Los Angeles.Fred Willard and Jeff Garlin Credit/Copyright: Jesse Grant, Getty Images for International Myeloma FoundationHosted by Fred Willard, the comedy show featured hilarious sets by Jeff Garlin, Tig Notaro, Heather McDonald, Andy Kindler, and Tony Award-winning ventriloquist Jay Johnson. The evening concluded with a special musical performance by Late Show with David Letterman’s Paul Shaffer. The renowned band leader ended his set with the dance hit he co-wrote, “It’s Raining Men,” featuring Fred Willard, Tig Notaro and Heather McDonald as his background singers.Paul Shaffer at IMF 9th Comedy CelebrationCredit/Copyright: Kevin Winter, Getty Images for International Myeloma FoundationAttendees included Alex Meneses (NBC’s Hot & Bothered, Everybody Loves Raymond), Edie McClurg (Mike & Molly, Frozen), Howard Hesseman(Mike & Molly, Head of the Class), Izzy Diaz (NBC’s Hot & Bothered), Jadyn Douglas (NBC’s Hot & Bothered), Jay Huguley (Treme, True Detective), John Glover (The Good Wife), Lesley Nicol (Downton Abbey), Maggie Wheeler (Californication, Everybody Loves Raymond), Nikki Moore (Blue Line), Shalita Grant (NCIS: New Orleans), Event Chair Loraine Boyle, Dr. Brian Durie (IMF Chair), Susie Novis (IMF President), and more.Proceeds from the event benefit the Peter Boyle Research Fund and support the Black Swan Research Initiative (BSRI), IMF’s innovative approach to finding a cure for myeloma, the second most common blood cancer. Renowned actor Peter Boyle died in late 2006 after a four year battle with myeloma. Through laughter, this event honors Boyle and raises money for research to find a cure.last_img read more

Catalan leaders plan legal challenge to Spains takeover

first_imgMADRID – Catalonia’s political leaders plan to bring a legal challenge to prevent the Spanish government from removing them from office and taking over running the region to stop its push for independence, a regional spokesman said Tuesday.Appeals will be lodged in Spain’s constitutional and Supreme courts against Prime Minister Mariano Rajoy’s decision to sack Catalonia’s government and curtail the regional parliament’s powers, regional government spokesman Jordi Turull said.If the regional government is not successful in Spanish courts, it will pursue the case in international courts, Turull said.Spain’s Senate is expected to approve Rajoy’s plans on Friday, triggering previously untapped constitutional powers to act against Catalan leaders accused of violating the law by holding a secession referendum and preparing to declare independence.“We are going to respond in a very solid way,” Turull said at the end of the regional government’s weekly cabinet meeting. “We will exhaust all internal ways in order to turn to the international justice if needed.”Catalan separatist leader Carles Puigdemont has a last chance this week to defend his case before Senate members, and some speculate he may do so Thursday or Friday — when he could cross paths with Rajoy.But Puigdemont could pull a surprise by instead attending a meeting at the regional parliament in Barcelona Thursday, where he could declare independence.There’s also speculation that Puigdemont may alternatively call an early regional election and avoid central government intervention.Calling such an election would indicate that Catalonia was willing to return to the fold and act under Spanish laws, rather than flout them by declaring independence.Justice Minister Rafael Catala said Tuesday that Puigdemont must state he is willing to abide by Spanish laws and also clarify if he declared independence in an ambiguous speech he gave Oct. 10. The speech followed a banned referendum that the Catalan leader said gave him a mandate to secede.More details about the effect the political crisis is having on Catalonia emerged Tuesday when Caixabank, Spain’s third-largest bank, reported it suffered a “moderate” but temporary run on deposits due to the crisis over the region’s independence bid.The bank transferred its headquarters from Catalonia to the Valencia region on Oct. 6.Presenting the company’s earnings for the first time in the city of Valencia, CEO Gonzalo Gortazar declined to give details on the value of the withdrawn deposits, but said the losses had “been reversed” and the bank continued to grow.Gortazar said the headquarters relocation was definitive. Local media reports quoted him as saying the bank does not currently plan to move any jobs out of Catalonia.A second bank, Sabadell, and more than a thousand other companies have moved their official bases out of Catalonia to ensure they could continue operating under European Union laws if Catalonia breaks away from Spain.____Parra contributed from Barcelona, Spain. Associated Press writer Barry Hatton in Lisbon, Portugal contributed to this report.last_img read more

Gogi gang member held with two weapons planned to kill rival gang

first_imgNew Delhi: Delhi Police on Sunday said officers from Alipur police station arrested a known associate of the Gogi Gang in Delhi with two weapons, thus preventing him from killing two rival gang members to avenge his cousin’smurder. Police identified the accused as one Deepak (28), whose cousin Arun of the Gogi Gang was allegedly murdered by rival gang members last year. Deepak was a close associate of Jitender aka Gogi, leader of the Gogi Gang operating in the Delhi NCT region. Also Read – After eight years, businessman arrested for kidnap & murderDuring interrogations, police said Deepak was conspiring to avenge his cousin’s murder and also planned to murder one other Sunil with the guns seized at the time of arrest. The accused was caught with one 9mm pistol with five live cartridges, one country-made pistol with one live cartridge, and one Pulsar motorcycle, reported stolen at the Ranjeet Nagar police station. Deepak’s arrest came through as a result of secret information developed by officers of Alipur police station and they promptly apprehended the suspect, according to a statement issued by the police. A case under relevant sections of the IPC has been registered at the concerned police station and further investigations into the matter are continuing.last_img read more

Kelso police chief to retire effective immediately

first_imgLONGVIEW — Kelso Police Chief Andy Hamilton announced his retirement Tuesday, effective immediately, less than a week after City Manager Steve Taylor announced his retirement in June.Captain Darr Kirk was appointed as the interim police chief, as of 5 p.m. Tuesday.Hamilton told The Daily News on Tuesday that he has been eligible for retirement for three years, and has been thinking about it for almost as long, but Taylor’s announcement Thursday that he was resigning to work for Cowlitz PUD prompted Hamilton to also consider leaving.In a press release Tuesday, Hamilton said, “Based on current events over the last couple weeks, I’ve discussed with my wife future plans and realize that now would be a great time for me to retire.”Hamilton, 55, said “there’s nothing negative” about the decision, which he said was reached amicably within the city.“Everything is great between me and the city, and the department and the city manager,” he said in an interview.Hamilton started with KPD in 1987 after two years as a reserve police officer. Over the next 32 years, Hamilton worked as a patrol officer, detective, sergeant, captain, member of the Joseph Kondro homicide task force and the Narcotics Task Force, and as the leader of a number of community policing projects, according to a press release.For his work with the Safe Kids Coalition, Hamilton received the Governor’s Award from Gov. Gary Locke and traveled to Washington D.C. to visit the White House. He returned to the White House years later for his work with the 21st Century Policing Model.last_img read more

Stankovic Juve are playing in another league

first_imgFormer Inter Milan midfielder Dejan Stankovic is impressed with the current side but suggested Juventus are in the world of their own.The Nerazzurri have won all seven games in all competitions put together, making up for a poor start to the season. However, Stankovic thinks other Serie A teams may settle for second fiddle at the end.“It’s a good streak, I expected it sooner or later,” Stankovic told Sky.“It’s a well-constructed squad that is improving game-by-game, and which has emerged more compact from the difficulties.“Mauro Icardi is a great player, and he’s getting better and more clinical as the years’ pass.Romelu Lukaku, Serie A, Inter MilanCapello calls Lukaku “a modern striker” Manuel R. Medina – September 14, 2019 The former Italian manager believes Romelu Lukaku is perfectly suited for Antonio Conte’s Internazionale Milan in the Serie A.“The squad has changed and it’s important to have a deep bench. Thanks to that quality, the substitutions are always good.“All the signings were good, and just as I expected [Matteo] Politano was a good step. I’m expecting more from [Roberto] Gagliardini though, he’s an important player who can give more.“The Scudetto? I’m a realist, and Juventus are playing in another league, everyone else is playing for second place.“As for the derby, these games are unique and I can’t make a prediction. It’ll be a good game because Milan have woken up.“I hope Inter win, but it’ll be a tough game.”last_img read more

Solari Second captain Marcelo is 100 Real Madrid

first_imgReal Madrid manager Santiago Solari backed the struggling Marcelo and insisted he’s a “Madridista through and through”.The Brazil international has struggled to hold on to his left-back position at Real this season following Sergio Reguilon’s strong performances.This has restricted Marcelo to just 12 appearances in La Liga this season, which has renewed talk of a possible summer transfer to Juventus to reunite with his good friend Cristiano Ronaldo.The 30-year-old did start though in Real’s first leg 1-1 draw against Barcelona in their Copa del Rey semi-final tie and helped them secure a valuable away goal.“Our second captain is a Madridista through and through, he always puts Real Madrid first and we work to give our all,” said Solari on the club website.Meanwhile, Marcelo’s fellow Brazilian Vinicius Junior continues to shine at Real after another impressive performance in his Clasico debut on Wednesday night.The 18-year-old kept Gareth Bale benched and repaid Solari’s faith in him by tormenting the Barcelona defence throughout the game with his pace and dribbling skills.“I’m not surprised [about his development], I know him, and I know his way of playing football,” Solari said on Vinicius.“It’s amazing that a boy of 18 years of age is progressing the way he is. Some credit also has to go to his team-mates, who support him and allow him to play.”Gerard Pique, Neymar, BarcelonaLa Liga Betting: Match-day 4 Stuart Heath – September 14, 2019 Despite it being very early into La Liga season, both Barcelona and Real Madrid have had unprecedented starts to their campaigns. With this in…As for the match itself at Camp Nou, Lucas Vazquez had given Real a sixth-minute lead before Malcom smashed in an equaliser for Barcelona to settle the game at 1-1 at Camp Nou.Solari added: “It was a beautiful game, with real quality and regular shifts in momentum. It was great to watch for all the fans of any club.“We had chances to score in both halves, with Vinicius Junior’s effort or Gareth Bale’s attempt. It’s hard to talk about justice in football.“Making comparisons is pointless. This game is confirmation that this group of players is working very well. It’s an open-ended result, there’s a lot of quality out on the pitch and anything can happen at any time.”The return leg between Real Madrid and Barcelona will take place on February 27 at the Santiago Bernabeu.🏁 FT: @FCBarcelona 1-1 @realmadrid⚽ Malcom 57′; @Lucasvazquez91 6’#Emirates | #RMClasico pic.twitter.com/ms5nPlnPdE— Real Madrid C.F. 🇬🇧🇺🇸 (@realmadriden) February 6, 2019last_img read more

Anchorage Man Killed In Crash On Seward Highway

first_imgThe cause of the crash is under investigation. Speed is believed to be a factor. Johnson was not wearing his seat belt and was ejected from the vehicle and declared dead at the scene. There was no one else traveling in the vehicle. Derrick Johnson, 26, was killed in the collision just after 4 a.m. Alaska State Troopers responded to the scene. The preliminary investigation found that Johnson, driving a green 1995 Ford Taurus, was traveling southbound on the Seward Highway when he lost control of the vehicle and rolled into a ditch near the Rabbit Creek Road exit. Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享An Anchorage man was killed in a car crash on the Seward Highway near the Rabbit Creek Road exit, on Sunday.last_img read more

BNP candidates struggle with cases of harassment

first_img.A number of leaders of significant opposition Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) have entered the electoral race for the 11th national polls, with over hundred cases against them, most of which are ‘fictitious’.BNP leaders claimed that these cases were aimed to harass political opponents. Police declared the accused in criminal cases would be arrested. Several candidates have already been arrested.Despite a large number of cases, the party leaders are prepared to contest the election. However, their arrests would make the situation worse, commented a number of BNP leaders.The nominations of several others including the party’s chairperson Khaleda Zia were rejected due to be convictions. The Prothom Alo correspondent learned from the declarations submitted by 60 BNP candidates from Dhaka, Khulna, Rajshahi, Chattogram, Rangpur and Sylhet.Three candidates face 200 cases each and two others face more than a hundred each. Another four candidates face over 50 cases each.Most of the cases have been filed for sabotage, obstruction of government work, attacks on police and so on under the special powers act, anti-terrorism act and explosive act as well as various sections of the penal code. Several senior leaders have been accused in the case filed by the Anti Corruption Commission (ACC). There are also allegations of murder, money laundering and murder.There are 46 cases of explosions, vandalising, sabotage, violence and arson against the party’s secretary general Fakhrul Islam Alamgir. Among the cases, 16 are under trial while the court suspended 20 of them.Jubo Dal’s president Saiful Alam Nirob tops in the list of candidates having the highest number of cases. Saiful Alam is contesting for national election in Dhaka-12 constituency.There are 267 cased filed against him since 2010 in various police station including Shahbagh, Tejgaon, Ramna, Mirpur, Shahjahanpur and so on under different acts.Although the proceedings of some cases have been postponed, most cases are under trial or investigation.“All the cases are political. I believe, AL has special affection for me. That’s why there are so many cases in my name. No worries, I will hold ground,” the Jubo Dal leader said.“I know about 267 cases so far. There are a few others I don’t know about,” Saiful added.Dhaka metropolitan DB police claimed that Saiful Alam is the person behind violence, burning cars and cocktail bomb blasts in Dhaka. He provided funds and explosives to the miscreants, himself remaining behind the scenes, according to DB police.However, BNP said that the police filed those cases against Saiful as the Jubo Dal president.Saiful became the accused for anything that happened anywhere in Dhaka. He was accused in many cases during the blockade called by BNP in 2013 and 2014.There are 221 cases against Nabi Ullah, a BNP candidate in Dhaka-5.Jubo Dal general secretary Sultan Salahuddin Tuku is in jail. There are 212 cases filed against him in several police stations. He is a candidate for Tangail-2.Also, there are 164 cases against Jubo Dal organising secretary and 138 cases against Dhaka Mohanagar (North) Jubo Dal president.Jubo Dal former general secretary Habibur Rashid, also candidate in Dhaka-9, is accused in 80 cases in different police station.BNP standing committee member Mirza Abbas is accused in 42 cases so far. He is a candidate in Dhaka-8.Mirza Abbas was accused in three cases last on 14 November in connection with the clashes during the selling of nomination papers at the BNP office in Naya Paltan of the capital.BNP candidate in Chattogram-9 Shahadat Hossain, also president of Chattogram metropolitan BNP, is accused in 40 cases.Two candidates in Rajshahi-1 and Rajshahi-5 have 19 and 18 cases respectively against their names.last_img read more

Fake notes worth Rs 7 lakh seized from duo at Hare Street

first_imgKolkata: The Special Task Force of Kolkata Police on Thursday nabbed two persons and seized Fake Indian Currency Notes (FICN) worth Rs 7 lakh from them at Hare Street. The duo has been produced before the Chief Metropolitan Magistrate’s (CMM) Court, Calcutta.According to sources, police officers recently got a tip-off that a few people were planning to make some deal in fake currency notes at Hare Street. Based on the information, STF officers were keeping an eye on the area. On Wednesday evening, they noticed two persons were roaming aimlessly in the area and one of them was carrying a bag. On suspicion, they detained the duo. Also Read – Bose & Gandhi: More similar than apart, says Sugata BoseThe duo allegedly tried to mislead the police by stating that they were searching for an address. One of them said he was from Malda. Hearing this, STF sleuths grew suspicious. Immediately the bag which they were carrying was searched and a considerable amount of fake currency notes were found. Immediately, the duo identified as Razzak Shaikh of Baishnabnagar in Malda and Vikash Kumar Gautam alias Vikash Kumar Lodi alias Sunil of Unnao from Uttar Pradesh were taken to the STF office in Lalbazar. Later, it was found that they were carrying 350 fake notes of Rs 2000 denomination. The duo was arrested immediately. Also Read – Rs 13,000 crore investment to provide 2 lakh jobs: MamataSTF sleuths suspect that the duo was working as carriers of FICN. Sources informed that the duo would be interrogated to find out who was the prospected receiver of the FICN seized. Sleuths will also try to identify who gave them the fake notes. The duo has been booked under Sections of 489B IPC (using as genuine, forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes), 489C IPC (possession of forged or counterfeit currency-notes or bank-notes) and 120B IPC (punishment of criminal conspiracy).last_img read more