Donegal North East deputy Charlie McConalogue says patients in Donegal are being failed by the lack of Government action in tackling hospital waiting lists in the region – after he obtained shocking new waiting list figures.The latest figures from the HSE reveal that 2,441 people were waiting more than a year for an outpatient appointment at Letterkenny General Hospital in August.That’s an increase of more than 100 on July’s figures, and a jump of almost 1,500 in the past six months. Deputy McConalogue said today: “I am extremely concerned about the rising waiting lists at Letterkenny General Hospital, but am even more worried about the Minister’s lax attitude to the situation. Leo Varadkar has all but conceded that waiting lists will get worse before they get better.“What will that mean for people in Donegal? Thousands are already waiting more than 12 months to be seen. Are they now expected to wait for years rather than months?“The Minister’s plan will see hundreds if not thousands more people languishing on lists, and there seems to be no clear policy in place to tackle the problem. In the past six months there has been a 152.4% jump in the number of people waiting for an outpatient appointment at Letterkenny General. That’s an increase of 1,474 people in a 26 week timeframe. Outside of the main city hospitals, Letterkenny has the largest waiting list in the country for outpatient appointments.“The flawed HSE Service Plan, brought in last year, is no doubt having a major impact on these lists. €200m was slashed from hospital budgets this year, resulting in the reduction and downgrading of services. We’re still waiting to see the plan for 2015, which is due to be published next month. However, if the Minister’s comments are a sign of things to come, I am extremely concerned about the standard of healthcare that people in the North West can expect. “It is essential that the HSE comes up with a workable service plan for 2015 because the current situation is failing people in Letterkenny and is undermining patient safety. It is unacceptable to allow these already exorbitant waiting lists to continue to increase, and a conscious effort must be made to ensure that proper resources and budgets are allocated to Letterkenny General so that these waiting lists can be effectively targeted”. MINISTER ADMITS WAITING LISTS WILL GET WORSE AS 2,441 WAIT FOR MORE THAN YEAR IN DONEGAL was last modified: October 31st, 2014 by John2Share this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window)
A press release from UC Berkeley says that the evolutionary family tree of salamanders, once thought secure, has been turned topsy-turvy by a study of the genes. The opening paragraph is reminiscent of an irritating alarm clock going off in a comfy bedroom:Biologists take for granted that the limbs and branches of the tree of life – painstakingly constructed since Linnaeus started classifying organisms 270 years ago – are basically correct. New genetic studies, the thinking goes, will only prune the twigs, perhaps shuffling around a few species here and there. Hence the surprise when a new University of California, Berkeley, study of the largest family of salamanders produced a genetic family tree totally inconsistent with the accepted classification, which is based primarily on physical features. (Emphasis added in all quotes.)To be sure, the study did not put salamanders in with birds or sharks or something that radical. But the results were radical enough to make evolutionists seriously consider a radical interpretation: that some lineages lost a function and then re-evolved it:Salamanders formerly classified together because of similar characteristics, such as a tail that breaks at only one spot as opposed to anywhere when stressed, now appear not to be close relatives at all. And salamanders that go through an aquatic larval stage are scattered about on different branches instead of grouped on one limb of the tree: Apparently some salamander lineages lost the larval stage and then reacquired it again.“The results were stunningly different than what we anticipated,” said David Wake, an expert on salamanders at the university. The study conducted by one of his graduate students found major upsets in the phylogenetic tree determined from mitochondrial DNA analysis. The student, Rachel Mueller, learned a lesson: “this does tell us that, when reconstructing evolutionary relationships, you have to be careful which morphological features you assume are conservative and haven’t evolved much, and which you think are likely to have changed over time.”The new family tree shows, however, that some terrestrial salamanders regained their larval stage after moving back to the water. This may have happened in three separate lineages of Plethodontids [the largest family of salamanders], which is surprising for a seemingly complex feature biologists have assumed arose just once, very early in the history of salamanders.Wake also has found that the three very different types of salamander tongues, some which are short and stubby and some that can be flung out nearly the length of the salamander’s body, “have evolved several times in different lineages.” The new genetic data, published in PNAS,1 tend to confirm that, he said. Meanwhile, in Science Sept. 10,2 Elizabeth Pennisi says James Hanken of Harvard has proposed, based on genetic studies, that a certain line of miniature salamanders from Mexico acquired upper teeth independently four times. He defended this view against critics at the 7th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology in Boca Raton, Florida last month:Some of Hanken’s colleagues question his interpretation, noting that the common wisdom holds that once a trait disappears from a group of organisms, it rarely resurfaces. Hanken’s conclusion is “something that’s hard to defend,” says Ann Huysseune of Ghent University in Belgium. But Hanken argues that these small vertebrates must have had a lot of evolutionary tricks up their sleeves in order to survive tough times. He points to the success that small animals in general have had after mass extinctions and attributes that to their ability to rapidly change and adapt. Thorius species, he thinks, may have retained the capability of making upper teeth, even if their tooth-building program became short-circuited. The reappearance of upper teeth in the four salamander species, says Hanken, “offers an example of latent developmental potentialities that reside within living species but which may not be manifest or expressed until far into the future.”1Mueller, Wake et al., “Morphological homoplasy, life history evolution, and historical biogeography of plethodontid salamanders inferred from complete mitochondrial genomes,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 10.1073/pnas.0405785101, published online Sept. 13, 2004.2Elizabeth Pennisi, “Tiny Salamanders Show Their Teeth,” Science, Vol 305, Issue 5689, 1396-1397, 3 September 2004, [DOI: 10.1126/science.305.5689.1396b].How long must we hold onto an outmoded hypothesis when it continually forces its adherents to believe absurd things? To get a larval stage or a ballistic tongue once is astronomically improbable. How can anyone believe it happened multiple times? And to believe that something as complex as the suite of developmental genes for a set of teeth can just wait inert in a genome for the right time far into the future, without being eliminated by natural selection, violates Darwin’s own principles. Salamanders don’t have sleeves. How can they hide tricks up them? If any problem in evolution can be explained away by magic tricks, it is not science. The genetic data are not proving Darwin right, so Chuck his theory. Wake up; it was only a bad trip (see 09/12/2004 commentary).(Visited 9 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Know the fundamentals of shooting video with your DSLR. In this tutorial you’ll get a run-down of the proper settings and shooting options.Want to get a better handle on the video capabilities of your DSLR camera?Many video concepts translate across different camera brands, so once you know how to properly set up one camera you can easily figure out how to set up others. In the following video by video guru Richard Harrington, you’ll learn how to set up video recording across Canon, Nikon, and Panasonic devices.This DSLR video tutorial covers:Setting your camera in manual modeAuto-focus with videoFrame rate optionsGrid displaysSound recordingFormatting cardsNTSC vs PALThis is a must-watch for any still photographers looking to transition into video. This video was first featured on PhotoFocus. Thanks for sharing Richard!Have any tips for setting up your DSLR camera? Prefer one camera’s navigation above another? Share in the comments below.
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The Kingston and St. Andrew Corporation (KSAC) is to regularise the activities of handcart operators in the market district of the Corporate Area.This move follows several meetings of the KSAC, the police and handcart owners and operators.Making the disclosure during a KSAC Council meeting at its Church Street chambers in downtown Kingston, on Tuesday, May 14, Deputy Mayor of Kingston, Councillor Andrew Swaby,said the Markets Department “is putting plans in place to register handcart operators who will be required to observe agreed rules and guidelines.”Councillor Swaby informed that the process will comprise the development of rules and guidelines governing the operations of handcarts, both in the markets and on the streets; public sensitisation of the benefits of this process to public order; and periodic workshops for operators to reduce risk and negative impact.“This will allow the police to enforce existing laws within the agreed established guidelines,” he said.Mr. Swaby pointed out that the market district is challenged by the rapid growth of the hundreds of handcarts operating in the area and negatively impacting pedestrian and vehicular traffic, often without regard for the safety of pedestrians, and against many traffic regulations.He emphasized that the KSAC is determined to address all those areas that provide a challenge for security in the municipality.“Accordingly, the activities of the handcart industry can no longer be allowed to go unregulated,” he said.Mr. Swaby noted that while the KSCAC recognises that the growth of the handcart industry has a role to play in the operations of the market district, “this administration remains committed to orderly operations with a regulatory framework.”“We believe that it is important to provide the legal framework for handcart owners and operators as they transport goods within the market district. Of special concern are handcarts selling goods, otherwise known as ‘market on wheels’,” he said.The Deputy Mayor said that under no circumstances should this move to regularise the industry be viewed as a method of earning additional income, noting that “the goal is to bring order to the market district and to regulate a critical operational input, which is an integral part of the business district.”Contact: Alecia Smith-Edwards