Under Protocol V on Explosive Remnants of War, part of the Conventional Weapons Convention (CCW), parties to armed conflicts must mark, clear and destroy all explosive remnants of war in territories under their control. Late on Friday, Liechtenstein and Switzerland deposited their instruments of consent to the Protocol, enabling it to enter into force on 12 November, a UN spokesman announced today. Protocol V was adopted by 92 countries at UN headquarters in Geneva in November 2003. Ever since its adoption, Secretary-General Kofi Annan has been urging countries to ratify it.
Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. We do not consider the reference to be offensiveBBC Scotland While some claimed the term amounted to “casual racism”, others said it was light hearted and pointed out that it was routinely used to describe soldiers in Scottish regiments.According to the Urban Dictionary, Jock is a term “used by English people to generally describe Scottish people in a derogatory fashion” and is now “considered to verge on racism when used by a non-Scot”.It adds that it is the equivalent of using the word “Paddy” to describe an Irishman.The Oxford English Dictionary defines it as slang for a Scottish or northern English sailor or soldier, as well as “for any Scotsman”. BBC Scotland said the headline was merely a play on the words “Shock Jock”, but the term has led to police complaints and court cases in the past.Last year, Police Scotland chose not to take any action after receiving complaints about the newspaper columnist Katie Hopkins describing Scottish people as “sweaty little jocks”.In 2010, a Scottish pilot, Douglas Maughan, who claimed he was victimised by fellow pilots, lost an employment tribunal alleging his colleagues had used a number of racist slurs, including the word Jock.However, there have also been successful prosecutions involving the word.Alexander Blood, a 21-year-old English football fan who travelled to Glasgow for a Rangers-Celtic match in February 2015 was given a community payback order after admitting acting in a racially aggravated manner by calling a Scottish police officer a “Jock ****”.In 2011, a postman was convicted of racism after calling Andy Murray a “useless Jock”.Darren Swain, 45, from Coventry, daubed dozens of posters with abusive comments, including the reference to the Scottish tennis player. He was given 200 hours of unpaid work.The term Jock has been used since the First World War to describe Scottish soldiers, and it appears in old Scottish music hall songs, including Harry Lauder’s “Stop Your Tickling Jock”.On the Army’s website, the section on The Royal Regiment of Scotland states: “Our soldiers call themselves ‘The Jocks’. They are proud, fierce, professionals, trained to accomplish the full range of operational infantry roles.”A spokesman for BBC Scotland said: “The news headline that was used with an article on the Scottish economy was a play on words on the term Shock Jock. It was produced by our Scottish news team and we do not consider the reference to be offensive.” The BBC has been accused of racism by an SNP politician for using the word “Jock” in a headline about the Scottish economy.A report suggesting the economy north of the border is in need of a shock, and that Brexit might provide it, appeared on the corporation’s website under the headline “Jock Shock”.Carol Monaghan, an SNP MP, took to Twitter to complain that the word was “as unacceptable as any other racist slur”, prompting a furious debate on social media. The use of “Jock” is as unacceptable as any other racist slur. @BBCScotland is this considered an appropriate headline? https://t.co/fl6hrRG2yI— Carol Monaghan MP (@CMonaghanMP) September 19, 2016