Reconstruction of the historical temperature trend from measurements in a medium-length borehole on the Lomonosovfonna plateau, Svalbard

first_imgA medium-length ice core was drilled at the ice divide on the Lomonosovfonna plateau (1230 m a.s.l.),Svalbard, in May1997.As part of this project, temperature measurements were performed in the 120 m deep borehole. At this site the ice thickness based on radar measurements is 126.5 m and the mean annual accumulation rate is 380 kg m-3. The measurements over the 15-120 m depth interval show a nearly isothermal profile with a mean value of-2.8°C and a standard deviation of 0.2°C. The measurements reveal a temperature minimum at approximately 70 m depth and a temperature gradient of 0.011±0.004°C m-1 near the bottom.The temperature minimum and relatively low temperature gradient cannot be explained in terms of a steady-state climate. Numerical calculations with a simple onedimensional diffusion-advection model show that the temperature increased at a maximum rate of 0.02-0.025 K a-1 over the last 100 years, the total temperature increase amounting to 2.0-3.0 K. Forcing the model with the observed record at Svalbard airport revealed that in the 19th century the surface temperature was at most 2.5 K lower, and that the instrumental observations started during a period with temperatures comparable to the end of the 19th century. The data are of particular interest for historical simulations since often no other temperature data are available in polar areas.last_img read more

Geographic variability of nitrate deposition and preservation over the Greenland Ice Sheet

first_imgAn analysis of 96 snow pit and ice cores distributed over the Greenland ice sheet is used to determine the main drivers of variability in the preserved records of nitrate concentration. The data set provides samples from spatially distributed locations, allowing us to investigate the effect of snow accumulation rate, temperature, and sublimation on nitrate concentration. The mean ice sheet concentration in the dry snow zone (2000 >= mean annual sea level (masl)) is 132 ng g(-1), ranging between 47 and 265 ng g(-1) with a standard deviation of +/-37 ng g(-1). Nitrate flux varies between 1.1 and 14.7 mu g cm(-2) a(-1) with a mean of 4 +/- 2 mu g cm(-2) a(-1). Large-scale spatial variability exists as a result of accumulation gradients, with concentration 5% greater in the northern plateau, yet flux over the northern plateau is 30% lower than the dry snow zone as a whole. While spatially, flux appears to be more dependent on accumulation, preservation of flux shows increasing dependence on concentration with increasing accumulation. The relationship between concentration and accumulation is nonlinear, showing less dependence in the low-accumulation regions versus high-accumulation regions. Accumulation alone is insufficient to account for the observed variability in nitrate flux in the low-accumulation regions, and evidence supports the need for additional components to a transfer function model for nitrate that includes photochemistry, temperature, and sublimation. Spatial variability across the ice sheet is nonuniform, and changes in nitrate concentration have occurred in some regions at a greater rate than others. While the data support that overall the ice sheet acts as an archive of paleoatmospheric concentration despite the effects of postdepositional processing, one needs to consider spatial variables to properly account for trends and variability in the records. This is tested by evaluating past spatial relationships and yields the result that the significant geographic shifts with respect to reactive N concentrations have occurred over the ice sheet in the past century.last_img read more

Rental arrears fears

first_imgHome » News » Rental arrears fears previous nextProducts & ServicesRental arrears fearsSerious rent arrears worsening towards 2013 levels, according to Your Move and Reeds Rains.The Negotiator14th January 20160574 Views The number of tenants seriously behind on rent has risen by 13.8% on a quarterly basis, according to the latest Tenant Arrears Tracker by Your Move and Reeds Rains.There are now 84,200 tenants more than two months behind with paying their rent, as of Q3 2015, compared to 74,000 in the second quarter. In absolute terms this represents a quarterly increase of 10,200 additional households in potentially serious financial difficulties. On an annual basis, this means 13,200 more households are in significant arrears than a year ago, or an annual increase of 18.6% since Q3 2014, when this figure previously stood at 71,000 across the UK.On a historical basis, the latest deterioration in serious tenant arrears remains relatively mild, remaining considerably below the record 116,600 such cases seen in Q3 2012. However the latest figures for Q3 2015 represent the highest levels in more than two years.In part, the increase in absolute numbers of serious arrears due to the overall growth in the size of the UK private rented sector. As a proportion of all private tenancies, just 1.6% are in serious arrears of more than two months, as of Q3 2015. This compares to a peak proportion of 2.9% of tenants in Q1 2008. However this proportion has also increased marginally from 1.4% in serious arrears as of Q2 2015.Adrian Gill (left), director of estate agents Your Move and Reeds Rains, said, “The chance of an individual tenant falling into serious arrears remains very low. In general, renting works for most people. Over the last decade the private rented sector has expanded at an unprecedented pace, providing homes for millions of households at the same time as absorbing the worst financial crisis in living memory.“In the current climate, optimism feels increasingly reasonable. Most households are beginning to earn more, the cost of living is stable and the chance of falling into unemployment is diminishing. For the majority of tenants, paying the rent is becoming easier rather than harder.“But beneath this rising tide there are inevitably some households and individuals who are not yet feeling any new economic buoyancy. As others bid rents higher there will be a minority who are still struggling to keep up. Landlords and tenants have a mutual responsibility to be aware of this small but significant risk.”rental arrears Tenant Arrears Tracker financial difficulties January 14, 2016The NegotiatorWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles 40% of tenants planning a move now that Covid has eased says Nationwide3rd May 2021 Letting agent fined £11,500 over unlicenced rent-to-rent HMO3rd May 2021 BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021last_img read more

Hunters launches ‘first of its kind’ qualifications

first_imgHome » News » Agencies & People » Hunters launches ‘first of its kind’ qualifications previous nextAgencies & PeopleHunters launches ‘first of its kind’ qualificationsDiplomas, Certificates and Awards part of national training systemNigel Lewis31st October 20160917 Views Franchise estate agency chain Hunters has revealed details of its new national qualifications, which it claims are the first to be created by an estate agency for its staff.Called the Hunters National Qualifications (HNQs) each of the six different courses are delivered through both classroom training and e-learning via the company’s Training Academy platform. The qualifications will be recognised by both the NAEA and ARLA, and those achieving the HNQs will then be able to join the organisations.“There are still far too many stories in the media about rogue estate agents; we aim to set industry standards by ensuring all our staff are trained to their best ability, which we hope our peers will follow,” says Glynis Frew, Managing Director of Hunters Property Group (pictured, left).New and existing Hunters employees are now able to attain three different levels of qualification in either sales or letting. The highest is an HNQ Award, the middle rung an HNQ Certificate and base qualification an HNQ Diploma.Staff progress through each qualification in three steps or levels and, unusually, the training is linked to their work practices and uses Hunters’ software to ensure they are applying their training correctly at a branch level.The first Hunters member of staff to get qualified using the system is Ryan Almond (pictured, right) from Hunters franchise in Horsforth, Leeds, who says “it’s given me much more confidence in my role as Negotiator and I’m looking forward to being able to progress to the next level of training”.Ryan’s manager, Horsforth franchise partner Jonny Malkinson, says the HNQs help his business stand out from the competitors and that he wants “to be the first branch across the Hunters network to have all our staff complete one of the new qualifications”.Hunters, which opened its first franchised branch ten years ago, now has a network of over 180 branches across the UK including London, Oxford, Norwich, Middlesbrough and Manchester.Hunters Group qualifications training October 31, 2016Nigel LewisWhat’s your opinion? Cancel replyYou must be logged in to post a comment.Please note: This is a site for professional discussion. Comments will carry your full name and company.This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.Related articles BREAKING: Evictions paperwork must now include ‘breathing space’ scheme details30th April 2021 City dwellers most satisfied with where they live30th April 2021 Hong Kong remains most expensive city to rent with London in 4th place30th April 2021last_img read more


first_imgA funeral mass was offered Nov. 6 at Holy Family Church for Filomena Ricca, 87, of Union City. She passed away Oct. 31. She was born in Italy and lived most of her life in Union City where she was a matron for the Union City Board of Education for over 27 years before retiring. Filomena was the wife of Giuseppe Ricca and the mother of Luigi (Gino) Ricca, Maria Violano and Maurizio Ricca. She was the mother in law of Nella Ricca, Nino Violano and Nato Loria. She was the sister of Valentino and Gerardo Matteis and the sister in law of Maria, Filomena and Bruno Matteis. Filomena was also the grandmother of Daniela, Gina, Mariateresa, Danielle and Mark. She was also survived by many nieces and nephews.Services arranged by the Leber Funeral Home, Union City.last_img read more

Press release: HS2 Ltd appoints Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer

first_img Minicom 08081 456 472 Press and media enquiries The press and media enquiries line is for accredited journalists only I am thrilled to be joining the team at HS2 Ltd. Working on Europe’s largest infrastructure programme is an exciting prospect and I look forward to playing my part in a project that will leave a significant legacy here in the UK. High Speed Two (HS2) LtdTwo SnowhillSnow Hill QueenswayBirminghamB4 6GA At HS2 Ltd, Michael will be leading the Finance team, Corporate Sponsorship, and the Programme Management Office.Incoming Chief Financial Officer, Michael Bradley, said: I am delighted to welcome Richard to the team at HS2. He joins us at an exciting time and brings wide-ranging experience of complex infrastructure projects and extensive management skills. Richard’s appointment will enhance our leadership team at this important time, as the project picks up pace and we begin to deliver lasting economic benefits across the UK. Email [email protected] HS2 Ltd has appointed a new Chief Operating Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the company has announced today.Richard Robinson joins HS2 Ltd as Chief Operating Officer from AECOM where he was Chief Executive of Civil Infrastructure in Europe, Middle East, India and Africa. Richard brings a wealth of experience to HS2 Ltd where he will support Chief Executive, Mark Thurston to deliver Europe’s largest infrastructure project.Commenting on the appointment, HS2 Ltd Chief Executive, Mark Thurston, said: Michael is an excellent addition to the HS2 Ltd team and brings a wealth of experience with him to this important role. HS2 is a hugely important project that will leave a significant economic legacy here in the UK and it is imperative that we have the best people in place to deliver our ambitions. Contact form… HS2 helpdesk Michael Bradley, CB, is also joining the company as Chief Financial Officer. Michael comes from Defence Equipment and Support (DE&S), an arms-length body of the Ministry of Defence, where he is CFO and Director General Resources, and has been Acting CEO since December 2017.Responsible for managing the financial affairs of a multi-billion government body, Michael has extensive experience in both the public and private sectors where he has been responsible for financial accounting and planning and internal auditing and assurance.Commenting on Michael’s appointment, Mark added: I am looking forward to joining the team at HS2 Ltd. This is a fantastic project, that will deliver significant benefits, and I am excited to be a part of it. At AECOM, Richard led the growth of the Civil Infrastructure business, first as Managing Director and then Chief Executive, leading 8000 people across four regions and a range of infrastructure projects. Prior to this, Richard was the Managing Director of AECOM’s Transportation Europe business. Before joining AECOM Richard held leadership roles at Heathrow Express, and Anglo American Plc.New Chief Operating Officer at HS2 Ltd, Richard Robinson, added: Freephone 08081 434 434 As a result of restrictions in place due to the COVID-19 outbreak, we strongly recommend you contact us by email or phone. We may not be able to access or respond to enquiries received via post. The helpdesk team are unable to transfer calls internally to HS2 Ltd members of staff.last_img read more

Glee Could be Banned in the U.K.

first_imgLea Michele, Chris Colfer, Matthew Morrison and the McKinley gang banned?! It may well happen. According to BBC News, in a David and Goliath court case, Mark Tughan, owner of British comedy/music venue the Glee Club has challenged the big wigs at 21st Century Fox for trade mark infringement and won. View Comments The Emmy nominated series, which will celebrate its two-part 100th episode on March 18 and 25, had plans to air its fifth and sixth seasons internationally, but that just might not happen at all in the U.K. A judge ruled on February 7 in Tughan’s favor, citing that potential customers may put be off by the association with the TV series. (Are they crazy?!) Unfortunately this could mean that Rachel Berry, Kurt Hummel, Mr. Schuester and the whole Glee family could sing so long, farewell to U.K. airwaves. Besides being taken off the small screen, Glee merchandise and music downloads would also be unavailable across the pond! A spokesperson for 20th Century Fox said that they “intend to appeal and are confident that, as the case plays out, we will ultimately prevail. We remain committed to delivering Glee to all of its fans in the U.K.” Matthew Morrison Lea Michele Star Fileslast_img read more

EIA: U.S. renewable energy consumption topped coal in 2019

first_imgEIA: U.S. renewable energy consumption topped coal in 2019 FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailPrint分享Greentech Media:The U.S. got more energy from renewables in 2019 than it did from coal, a year sooner than that same milestone is expected for the electricity sector on its own, according to the Energy Information Administration.Last year the U.S. consumed 11.3 quadrillion British thermal units of coal, the lowest level since 1964. By comparison, total consumption of renewable energy hit a record-high 11.5 quads, the EIA said Thursday, as the country’s base of wind and solar farms continued to expand.Prior to 2019, the last year that the country got more total energy from renewables than coal was 1885, back when wood was the main renewable resource on offer.Earlier this month, the EIA put out figures projecting that renewables will topple coal in the U.S. electricity mix for the whole of 2020, another major milestone. That already happened every day during April.While most renewable energy is used for power in the U.S., significant amounts are consumed in other areas, including biofuels for transportation.Total U.S. power generation is expected to fall by 5 percent in 2020 due to the virus outbreak, and the picture is much bleaker for coal, the EIA says. Coal-fired generation will tumble by 25 percent this year, against an 11 percent increase in total renewable output.[Karl-Erik Stromsta]More: Renewables toppled coal in U.S. energy consumption last year, EIA sayslast_img read more

Some 400 Peruvians Reservists Go To Work In Afghanistan And Iraq

first_imgBy Dialogo December 04, 2009 About 400 reservists from the Armed Forces and police of Peru departed for Afghanistan and Iraq, where they have been hired to provide security for facilities of U.S. companies. The reservists, including civilians who are weapons trained with background in security work, traveled on a charter flight company Air Jordan. According to EFE, the Peruvians will travel to Jordan, where they will be sent to their final destinations. Some of the passengers stated that they were summoned by the company TCM in Lima, which trained them in the Peruvian capital before sending them with contracts of one to two years of work. With the departure of this contingent of former military and police, the number of Peru’s contribution who have traveled to Afghanistan and Iraq this year is now 1,000.last_img read more

Think like an owner

first_imgA leader’s role is to think about the big picture.Undoubtedly, you have leaders within a number of departments throughout your organization – a set leader over a marketing, research and development or sales department, perhaps. These leaders are already responsible for seeing the big picture within their designated departments, but what if we encouraged them to think as if they were in charge of the whole operation?Having all the leaders within your organization think like owners may make life a little noisier at times, but it could also promote cohesiveness and enhance the success of your business.A post on the Harvard Business Review blog by Robert Steven Kaplan, president and chief executive of the Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, says leadership doesn’t stop at your job description. Instead, “[i]t starts with taking on a broader perspective in figuring out what you truly believe should be done – that is, as if you were an owner.” continue reading » 36SHARESShareShareSharePrintMailGooglePinterestDiggRedditStumbleuponDeliciousBufferTumblrlast_img read more